Facts Vs Climate Doomsayers

 

To avoid wasting time when debating any topic it is important to confirm WHAT facts are  agreed upon and what are  NOT. This includes Climate Change and its relationship to Co2

INDISPUTABLE FACTS

1. The Earth is approximately 4,5 Billion years old .
2. There has been climate change/global warming/ global cooling -cc/gw/gc-  on earth for the full 4,5 Billion years .
3. At various times of cc/gw/gc  there has been NO ice at the  Arctic or Antarctic poles and vegetation has grown at both poles.
4. at various times of cc/gw/gc the predecessors of alligators lived as far north at Spitsbergen in Norway where Polar Bears now live  .
5. The industrial revolution is only approximately 200 years old.
6. Compare 200 years to a PINHEAD  and 4,5 Billion years to the total road surface of the whole of the Sydney Harbour Bridge.
7. The Earth is presently in an Ice age.  
8. The temperatures during the times of the Roman Empire were approximately 2 degrees warmer than today and wine grapes during the Roman occupation of England and Scotland  were grown as far north as Scotland.
9. cc/gw/gc during the last 2,000 years (an eye blink in 4.6 billion years) has continuously varied . During the middle ages the temperature was higher than today when Greenland/Iceland were settled in approximately 995AD then abandoned when the climate cooled , and  all the settlers died (cooling)approximately 1350 AD .During this cooling period skating took place on the Thames during the winter when the temperature cooled and the river froze over.
10. When the Earth was in its warmer cycles  it was the period of Earth’s greatest plant growth and the great deposits of coal /gas / oil were established and deposited.
11. Life on Earth exists because of its proximity to the Sun if the Earth was closer like Mars the Earth would probably burn and therefore no life -further away like Venus then the earth would probably freeze and therefore no life.
12. The heat coming from the Sun is not consistent and  varies  by  activities -known as Sun spots or Sun flares.
13. The heat from the Sun reaching the various parts of the Earth is also varied by the Axis of the Earth.
14. The heat from the Sun reaching the Earth is also varied by the orbit of the Earth.
15. Formation of clouds in the sky also block the Suns heat.
16. Large eruption of volcanoes and meteor strikes block light and therefore  block heat and cause cooling .
17. Solar radiation from outer space effects the cc/gw/gc on Earth.
18. CO2 ONLY makes up .04% of the atmosphere.
19. of the .04% of the CO2 in the atmosphere 97% come from nature and   3% by humans .
20. Australia produces between   1.3 % and   1.5% of the 3% of CO2 by humans.
21. Therefore multiply .04% in the atmosphere by 3% produced by humans then multiply Australian contribution of  1.5%  =  .000018% (almost beyond measurement) .Therefore Australia’s contribution of  C02 in the Earth’s atmosphere .(.04%x3%x1.5%=.000018%) cannot be measured.
22. The Australian’s chief scientist recently stated that if Australians completely stopped production of Co2  it would have no effect on the worlds Co2 .
23. there can be NO plant growth without water /sun light /warmth/and co2.
24. the greater amount  Co2 on earth the greater the plant growth-i.e.   Co2 is often pumped into a green house when growing tomatoes to increase production .Without Co2 no plant life and therefore the death of ALL animal life
25. N0 ONE   has yet explained how Co2 produced by humans (ESPECIALLY BY AUSTRALIA .00008%) can effect the world temperature.
26. It must ALWAYS  be remembered that correlation is NOT causation.
Finally if we are to reduce our emissions by 50% then what is 50% of 0008%

Man Versus CO2

WRITTEN BY: PATRICK MOORE, PHD, GLOBAL WARMING POLICY FOUNDATION OCTOBER 30, 2015
TN Note: The following is a lecture delivered by Patrick Moore, formerly President of Greenpeace Int’l, to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in London. He is a vocal critic of faulty science that supports climate-change caused by humans. Since he was a legend in the eco-movement, his current assessment is credible and authoritative.
Should We Celebrate Carbon Dioxide?
My Lords and Ladies, Ladies and Gentlemen.
Thank you for the opportunity to set out my views on climate change. As I have stated publicly on many occasions, there is no definitive scientific proof, through real-world observation, that carbon dioxide is responsible for any of the slight warming of the global climate that has occurred during the past 300 years, since the peak of the Little Ice Age. If there were such a proof through testing and replication it would have been written down for all to see.
The contention that human emissions are now the dominant influence on climate is simply a hypothesis, rather than a universally accepted scientific theory. It is therefore correct, indeed verging on compulsory in the scientific tradition, to be skeptical of those who express certainty that “the science is settled” and “the debate is over”.
But there is certainty beyond any doubt that CO2 is the building block for all life on Earth and that without its presence in the global atmosphere at a sufficient concentration this would be a dead planet. Yet today our children and our publics are taught that CO2 is a toxic pollutant that will destroy life and bring civilization to its knees. Tonight I hope to turn this dangerous human-caused propaganda on its head. Tonight I will demonstrate that human emissions of CO2 have already saved life on our planet from a very untimely end. That in the absence of our emitting some of the carbon back into the atmosphere from whence it came in the first place, most or perhaps all life on Earth would begin to die less than two million years from today.
But first a bit of background.
I was born and raised in the tiny floating village of Winter Harbour on the northwest tip of Vancouver Island, in the rainforest by the Pacific. There was no road to my village so for eight years myself and a few other children were taken by boat each day to a one-room schoolhouse in the nearby fishing village. I didn’t realize how lucky I was playing on the tide flats by the salmon-spawning streams in the rainforest, until I was sent off to boarding school in Vancouver where I excelled in science. I did my undergraduate studies at the University of British Columbia, gravitating to the life sciences – biology, biochemistry, genetics, and forestry – the environment and the industry my family has been in for more than 100 years. Then, before the word was known to the general public, I discovered the science of ecology, the science of how all living things are inter-related, and how we are related to them. At the height of the Cold War, the Vietnam War, the threat of all-out nuclear war and the newly emerging consciousness of the environment I was transformed into a radical environmental activist. While doing my PhD in ecology in 1971 I joined a group of activists who had begun to meet in the basement of the Unitarian Church, to plan a protest voyage against US hydrogen bomb testing in Alaska.
We proved that a somewhat rag-tag looking group of activists could sail an old fishing boat across the north Pacific ocean and help change the course of history. We created a focal point for the media to report on public opposition to the tests.
When that H-bomb exploded in November 1971, it was the last hydrogen bomb the United States ever detonated. Even though there were four more tests planned in the series, President Nixon canceled them due to the public opposition we had helped to create. That was the birth of Greenpeace.
Flushed with victory, on our way home from Alaska we were made brothers of the Namgis Nation in their Big House at Alert Bay near my northern Vancouver Island home. For Greenpeace this began the tradition of the Warriors of the Rainbow, after a Cree Indian legend that predicted the coming together of all races and creeds to save the Earth from destruction. We named our ship the Rainbow Warrior and I spent the next fifteen years in the top committee of Greenpeace, on the front lines of the environmental movement as we evolved from that church basement into the world’s largest environmental activist organization.
Next we took on French atmospheric nuclear testing in the South Pacific. They proved a bit more difficult than the US nuclear tests. It took years to eventually drive these tests underground at Mururoa Atoll in French Polynesia. In 1985, under direct orders from President Mitterrand, French commandos bombed and sank the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland Harbour, killing our photographer. Those protests continued until long after I left Greenpeace. It wasn’t until the mid-1990s that nuclear testing finally ended in the South Pacific, and it most other parts of the world as well.
Going back to 1975, Greenpeace set out to save the whales from extinction at the hands of huge factory whaling fleets. We confronted the Soviet factory whaling fleet in the North Pacific, putting ourselves in front of their harpoons in our little rubber boats to protect the fleeing whales. This was broadcast on television news around the world, bringing the Save the Whales movement into everyone’s living rooms for the first time. After four years of voyages, in 1979 factory whaling was finally banned in the North Pacific, and by 1981 in all the world’s oceans.
In 1978 I sat on a baby seal off the East Coast of Canada to protect it from the hunter’s club. I was arrested and hauled off to jail, the seal was clubbed and skinned, but a photo of me being arrested while sitting on the baby seal appeared in more than 3000 newspapers around the world the next morning. We won the hearts and minds of millions of people who saw the baby seal slaughter as outdated, cruel, and unnecessary.
Why then did I leave Greenpeace after 15 years in the leadership? When Greenpeace began we had a strong humanitarian orientation, to save civilization from destruction by all-out nuclear war. Over the years the “peace” in Greenpeace was gradually lost and my organization, along with much of the environmental movement, drifted into a belief that humans are the enemies of the earth. I believe in a humanitarian environmentalism because we are part of nature, not separate from it. The first principle of ecology is that we are all part of the same ecosystem, as Barbara Ward put it, “One human family on spaceship Earth”, and to preach otherwise teaches that the world would be better off without us. As we shall see later in the presentation there is very good reason to see humans as essential to the survival of life on this planet.
In the mid 1980s I found myself the only director of Greenpeace International with a formal education in science. My fellow directors proposed a campaign to “ban chlorine worldwide”, naming it “The Devil’s Element”. I pointed out that chlorine is one of the elements in the Periodic Table, one of the building blocks of the Universe and the 11th most common element in the Earth’s crust. I argued the fact that chlorine is the most important element for public health and medicine. Adding chlorine to drinking water was the biggest advance in the history of public health and the majority of our synthetic medicines are based on chlorine chemistry. This fell on deaf ears, and for me this was the final straw. I had to leave.
When I left Greenpeace I vowed to develop an environmental policy that was based on science and logic rather than sensationalism, misinformation, anti-humanism and fear. In a classic example, a recent protest led by Greenpeace in the Philippines used the skull and crossbones to associate Golden Rice with death, when in fact Golden Rice has the potential to help save 2 million children from death due to vitamin A deficiency every year.
The Keeling curve of CO2 concentration in the Earth’s atmosphere since 1959 is the supposed smoking gun of catastrophic climate change. We presume CO2 was at 280 ppm at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, before human activity could have caused a significant impact. I accept that most of the rise from 280 to 400 ppm is caused by human CO2 emissions with the possibility that some of it is due to outgassing from warming of the oceans.
NASA tells us that “Carbon Dioxide Controls Earth’s Temperature” in child-like denial of the many other factors involved in climate change. This is reminiscent of NASA’s contention that there might be life on Mars. Decades after it was demonstrated that there was no life on Mars, NASA continues to use it as a hook to raise public funding for more expeditions to the Red Planet. The promulgation of fear of Climate Change now serves the same purpose. As Bob Dylan prophetically pointed out, “Money doesn’t talk, it swears”, even in one of the most admired science organizations in the world.
On the political front the leaders of the G7 plan to “end extreme poverty and hunger” by phasing out 85% of the world’s energy supply including 98% of the energy used to transport people and goods, including food. The Emperors of the world appear clothed in the photo taken at the close of the meeting but it was obviously Photo-shopped. They should be required to stand naked for making such a foolish statement.
The world’s top climate body, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change, is hopelessly conflicted by its makeup and it mandate. The Panel is composed solely of the World Meteorological Organization, weather forecasters, and the United Nations Environment Program, environmentalists. Both these organizations are focused primarily on short-term timescales, days to maybe a century or two. But the most significant conflict is with the Panel’s mandate from the United Nations. They are required only to focus on “a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the atmosphere, and which is in addition to natural climate variability.”
So if the IPCC found that climate change was not being affected by human alteration of the atmosphere or that it is not “dangerous” there would be no need for them to exist. They are virtually mandated to find on the side of apocalypse.
Scientific certainty, political pandering, a hopelessly conflicted IPCC, and now the Pope, spiritual leader of the Catholic Church, in a bold move to reinforce the concept of original sin, says the Earth looks like “an immense pile of filth” and we must go back to pre-industrial bliss, or is that squalor?
And then there is the actual immense pile of filth fed to us more than three times daily by the green-media nexus, a seething cauldron of imminent doom, like we are already condemned to Damnation in Hell and there is little chance of Redemption. I fear for the end of the Enlightenment. I fear an intellectual Gulag with Greenpeace as my prison guards.
Let’s begin with our knowledge of the long-term history of the Earth’s temperature and of CO2 in the Earth’s atmosphere. Our best inference from various proxies back indicate that CO2 was higher for the first 4 billion years of Earth’s history than it has been since the Cambrian Period until today. I will focus on the past 540 million years since modern life forms evolved. It is glaringly obvious that temperature and CO2 are in an inverse correlation at least as often as they are in any semblance of correlation. Two clear examples of reverse correlation occurred 150 million years and 50 million years ago. At the end of the Jurassic temperature fell dramatically while CO2 spiked. During the Eocene Thermal Maximum, temperature was likely higher than any time in the past 550 million years while CO2 had been on a downward track for 100 million years. This evidence alone sufficient to warrant deep speculation of any claimed lock-step causal relationship between CO2 and temperature.
The Devonian Period beginning 400 million years ago marked the culmination of the invasion of life onto the land. Plants evolved to produce lignin, which in combination with cellulose, created wood which in turn for the first time allowed plants to grow tall, in competition with each other for sunlight. As vast forests spread across the land living biomass increased by orders of magnitude, pulling down carbon as CO2 from the atmosphere to make wood. Lignin is very difficult to break down and no decomposer species possessed the enzymes to digest it. Trees died atop one another until they were 100 metres or more in depth. This was the making of the great coal beds around the world as this huge store of sequestered carbon continued to build for 90 million years. Then, fortunately for the future of life, white rot fungi evolved to produce the enzymes that can digest lignin and coincident with that the coal-making era came to an end.
There was no guarantee that fungi or any other decomposer species would develop the complex of enzymes required to digest lignin. If they had not, CO2, which had already been drawn down for the first time in Earth’s history to levels similar to todays, would have continued to decline as trees continued to grow and die. That is until CO2 approached the threshold of 150 ppm below which plants begin first to starve, then stop growing altogether, and then die. Not just woody plants but all plants. This would bring about the extinction of most, if not all, terrestrial species, as animals, insects, and other invertebrates starved for lack of food. And that would be that. The human species would never have existed. This was only the first time that there was a distinct possibility that life would come close to extinguishing itself, due to a shortage of CO2, which is essential for life on Earth.
A well-documented record of global temperature over the past 65 million years shows that we have been in a major cooling period since the Eocene Thermal Maximum 50 million years ago. The Earth was an average 16C warmer then, with most of the increased warmth at the higher latitudes. The entire planet, including the Arctic and Antarctica were ice-free and the land there was covered in forest. The ancestors of every species on Earth today survived through what may have been the warmest time in the history of life. It makes one wonder about dire predictions that even a 2C rise in temperature from pre-industrial times would cause mass extinctions and the destruction of civilization. Glaciers began to form in Antarctica 30 million years ago and in the northern hemisphere 3 million years ago. Today, even in this interglacial period of the Pleistocene Ice Age, we are experiencing one of the coldest climates in the Earth’s history.
Coming closer to the present we have learned from Antarctic ice cores that for the past 800,000 years there have been regular periods of major glaciation followed by interglacial periods in 100,000 year-cycles. These cycles coincide with the Milankovitch cycles that are tied to the eccentricity of the Earth’s orbit and its axial tilt. It is highly plausible that these cycles are related to solar intensity and the seasonal distribution of solar heat on the Earth’s surface. There is a strong correlation between temperature and the level of atmospheric CO2 during these successive glaciations, indicating a possible cause-effect relationship between the two. CO2 lags temperature by an average of 800 years during the most recent 400,000-year period, indicating that temperature is the cause, as the cause never comes after the effect.
Looking at the past 50,000 years of temperature and CO2 we can see that changes in CO2 follow changes in temperature. This is as one could expect, as the Milankovitch cycles are far more likely to cause a change in temperature than a change in CO2. And a change in the temperature is far more likely to cause a change in CO2 due to outgassing of CO2 from the oceans during warmer times and an ingassing (absorption) of CO2 during colder periods. Yet climate alarmists persist in insisting that CO2 is causing the change in temperature, despite the illogical nature of that assertion.
It is sobering to consider the magnitude of climate change during the past 20,000 years, since the peak of the last major glaciation. At that time there were 3.3 kilometres of ice on top of what is today the city of Montreal, a city of more than 3 million people. 95% of Canada was covered in a sheet of ice. Even as far south as Chicago there was nearly a kilometre of ice. If the Milankovitch cycle continues to prevail, and there is little reason aside from our CO2 emissions to think otherwise, this will happen gradually again during the next 80,000 years. Will our CO2 emissions stave off another glaciation as James Lovelock has suggested? There doesn’t seem to be much hope of that so far, as despite 1/3 of all our CO2 emissions being released during the past 18 years the UK Met Office contends there has been no statistically significant warming during this century.
At the height of the last glaciation the sea level was about 120 metres lower than it is today. By 7,000 years ago all the low-altitude, mid-latitude glaciers had melted. There is no consensus about the variation in sea level since then although many scientists have concluded that the sea level was higher than today during the Holocene Thermal optimum from 9,000 to 5,000 years ago when the Sahara was green. The sea level may also have been higher than today during the Medieval Warm Period.
Hundred of islands near the Equator in Papua, Indonesia, have been undercut by the sea in a manner that gives credence to the hypothesis that there has been little net change in sea level in the past thousands of years. It takes a long time for so much erosion to occur from gentle wave action in a tropical sea.
Coming back to the relationship between temperature and CO2 in the modern era we can see that temperature has risen at a steady slow rate in Central England since 1700 while human CO2 emissions were not relevant until 1850 and then began an exponential rise after 1950. This is not indicative of a direct causal relationship between the two. After freezing over regularly during the Little Ice Age the River Thames froze for the last time in 1814, as the Earth moved into what might be called the Modern Warm Period.
The IPCC states it is “extremely likely” that human emissions have been the dominant cause of global warming “since the mid-20th century”, that is since 1950. They claim that “extremely” means 95% certain, even though the number 95 was simply plucked from the air like an act of magic. And “likely” is not a scientific word but rather indicative of a judgment, another word for an opinion.
There was a 30-year period of warming from 1910-1940, then a cooling from 1940 to 1970, just as CO2 emissions began to rise exponentially, and then a 30-year warming from 1970-2000 that was very similar in duration and temperature rise to the rise from 1910-1940. One may then ask “what caused the increase in temperature from 1910-1940 if it was not human emissions? And if it was natural factors how do we know that the same natural factors were not responsible for the rise between 1970-2000.” You don’t need to go back millions of years to find the logical fallacy in the IPCC’s certainty that we are the villains in the piece.
Water is by far the most important greenhouse gas, and is the only molecule that is present in the atmosphere in all three states, gas, liquid, and solid. As a gas, water vapour is a greenhouse gas, but as a liquid and solid it is not. As a liquid water forms clouds, which send solar radiation back into space during the day and hold heat in at night. There is no possibility that computer models can predict the net effect of atmospheric water in a higher CO2 atmosphere. Yet warmists postulate that higher CO2 will result in positive feedback from water, thus magnifying the effect of CO2 alone by 2-3 times. Other scientists believe that water may have a neutral or negative feedback on CO2. The observational evidence from the early years of this century tends to reinforce the latter hypothesis.
How many politicians or members of the media or the public are aware of this statement about climate change from the IPCC in 2007?
“we should recognise that we are dealing with a coupled nonlinear chaotic system, and therefore that the long-term prediction of future climate states is not possible.”
There is a graph showing that the climate models have grossly exaggerated the rate of warming that confirms the IPCC statement. The only trends the computer models seem able to predict accurately are ones that have already occurred.
Coming to the core of my presentation, CO2 is the currency of life and the most important building block for all life on Earth. All life is carbon-based, including our own. Surely the carbon cycle and its central role in the creation of life should be taught to our children rather than the demonization of CO2, that “carbon” is a “pollutant” that threatens the continuation of life. We know for a fact that CO2 is essential for life and that it must be at a certain level in the atmosphere for the survival of plants, which are the primary food for all the other species alive today. Should we not encourage our citizens, students, teachers, politicians, scientists, and other leaders to celebrate CO2 as the giver of life that it is?
It is a proven fact that plants, including trees and all our food crops, are capable of growing much faster at higher levels of CO2 than present in the atmosphere today. Even at the today’s concentration of 400 ppm plants are relatively starved for nutrition. The optimum level of CO2 for plant growth is about 5 times higher, 2000 ppm, yet the alarmists warn it is already too high. They must be challenged every day by every person who knows the truth in this matter. CO2 is the giver of life and we should celebrate CO2 rather than denigrate it as is the fashion today.
We are witnessing the “Greening of the Earth” as higher levels of CO2, due to human emissions from the use of fossil fuels, promote increased growth of plants around the world. This has been confirmed by scientists with CSIRO in Australia, in Germany, and in North America. Only half of the CO2 we are emitting from the use of fossil fuels is showing up in the atmosphere. The balance is going somewhere else and the best science says most of it is going into an increase in global plant biomass. And what could be wrong with that, as forests and agricultural crops become more productive?
All the CO2 in the atmosphere has been created by outgassing from the Earth’s core during massive volcanic eruptions. This was much more prevalent in the early history of the Earth when the core was hotter than it is today. During the past 150 million years there has not been enough addition of CO2 to the atmosphere to offset the gradual losses due to burial in sediments.
Let’s look at where all the carbon is in the world, and how it is moving around.
Today, at just over 400 ppm, there are 850 billion tons of carbon as CO2 in the atmosphere. By comparison, when modern life-forms evolved over 500 million years ago there was nearly 15,000 billion tons of carbon in the atmosphere, 17 times today’s level. Plants and soils combined contain more than 2,000 billion tons of carbon, more than twice as much as the entire global atmosphere. The oceans contain 38,000 billion tons of carbon, as dissolved CO2, 45 times as much as in the atmosphere. Fossil fuels, which are made from plants that pulled CO2 from the atmosphere account for 5,000 – 10,000 billion tons of carbon, 6 – 12 times as much carbon as is in the atmosphere.
But the truly stunning number is the amount of carbon that has been sequestered from the atmosphere and turned into carbonaceous rocks. 100,000,000 billion tons, that’s one quadrillion tons of carbon, have been turned into stone by marine species that learned to make armour-plating for themselves by combining calcium and carbon into calcium carbonate. Limestone, chalk, and marble are all of life origin and amount to 99.9% of all the carbon ever present in the global atmosphere. The white cliffs of Dover are made of the calcium carbonate skeletons of coccolithophores, tiny marine phytoplankton.
The vast majority of the carbon dioxide that originated in the atmosphere has been sequestered and stored quite permanently in carbonaceous rocks where it cannot be used as food by plants.
Beginning 540 million years ago at the beginning of the Cambrian Period many marine species of invertebrates evolved the ability to control calcification and to build armour plating to protect their soft bodies. Shellfish such as clams and snails, corals, coccolithofores (phytoplankton) and foraminifera (zooplankton) began to combine carbon dioxide with calcium and thus to remove carbon from the life cycle as the shells sank into sediments; 100,000,000 billion tons of carbonaceous sediment. It is ironic that life itself, by devising a protective suit of armour, determined its own eventual demise by continuously removing CO2 from the atmosphere. This is carbon sequestration and storage writ large. These are the carbonaceous sediments that form the shale deposits from which we are fracking gas and oil today. And I add my support to those who say, “OK UK, get fracking”.
The past 150 million years has seen a steady drawing down of CO2 from the atmosphere. There are many components to this but what matters is the net effect, a removal on average of 37,000 tons of carbon from the atmosphere every year for 150 million years. The amount of CO2 in the atmosphere was reduced by about 90% during this period. This means that volcanic emissions of CO2 have been outweighed by the loss of carbon to calcium carbonate sediments on a multi-million year basis.
If this trend continues CO2 will inevitably fall to levels that threaten the survival of plants, which require a minimum of 150 ppm to survive. If plants die all the animals, insects, and other invertebrates that depend on plants for their survival will also die.
How long will it be at the present level of CO2 depletion until most or all of life on Earth is threatened with extinction by lack of CO2 in the atmosphere?
During this Pleistocene Ice Age, CO2 tends to reach a minimum level when the successive glaciations reach their peak. During the last glaciation, which peaked 18,000 years ago, CO2 bottomed out at 180 ppm, extremely likely the lowest level CO2 has been in the history of the Earth. This is only 30 ppm above the level that plants begin to die. Paleontological research has demonstrated that even at 180 ppm there was a severe restriction of growth as plants began to starve. With the onset of the warmer interglacial period CO2 rebounded to 280 ppm. But even today, with human emissions causing CO2 to reach 400 ppm plants are still restricted in their growth rate, which would be much higher if CO2 were at 1000-2000 ppm.
Here is the shocking news. If humans had not begun to unlock some of the carbon stored as fossil fuels, all of which had been in the atmosphere as CO2 before sequestration by plants and animals, life on Earth would have soon been starved of this essential nutrient and would begin to die. Given the present trends of glaciations and interglacial periods this would likely have occurred less than 2 million years from today, a blink in nature’s eye, 0.05% of the 3.5 billion-year history of life.
No other species could have accomplished the task of putting some of the carbon back into the atmosphere that was taken out and locked in the Earth’s crust by plants and animals over the millennia. This is why I honour James Lovelock in my lecture this evening. Jim was for many years of the belief that humans are the one-and-only rogue species on Gaia, destined to cause catastrophic global warming. I enjoy the Gaia hypothesis but I am not religious about it and for me this was too much like original sin. It was as if humans were the only evil species on the Earth.
But James Lovelock has seen the light and realized that humans may be part of Gaia’s plan, and he has good reason to do so. And I honour him because it takes courage to change your mind after investing so much of your reputation on the opposite opinion. Rather than seeing humans as the enemies of Gaia, Lovelock now sees that we may be working with Gaia to “stave of another ice age”, or major glaciation. This is much more plausible than the climate doom-and gloom scenario because our release of CO2 back into the atmosphere has definitely reversed the steady downward slide of this essential food for life, and hopefully may reduce the chance that the climate will slide into another period of major glaciation. We can be certain that higher levels of CO2 will result in increased plant growth and biomass. We really don’t know whether or not higher levels of CO2 will prevent or reduce the eventual slide into another major glaciation. Personally I am not hopeful for this because the long-term history just doesn’t support a strong correlation between CO2 and temperature.
It does boggle the mind in the face of our knowledge that the level of CO2 has been steadily falling that human CO2 emissions are not universally acclaimed as a miracle of salvation. From direct observation we already know that the extreme predictions of CO2’s impact on global temperature are highly unlikely given that about one-third of all our CO2 emissions have been discharged during the past 18 years and there has been no statistically significant warming. And even if there were some additional warming that would surely be preferable to the extermination of all or most species on the planet.
You heard it here. “Human emissions of carbon dioxide have saved life on Earth from inevitable starvation and extinction due to lack of CO2”. To use the analogy of the Atomic Clock, if the Earth were 24 hours old we were at 38 seconds to midnight when we reversed the trend towards the End Times. If that isn’t good news I don’t know what is. You don’t get to stave off Armageddon every day.
I issue a challenge to anyone to provide a compelling argument that counters my analysis of the historical record and the prediction of CO2 starvation based on the 150 million year trend. Ad hominem arguments about “deniers” need not apply. I submit that much of society has been collectively misled into believing that global CO2 and temperature are too high when the opposite is true for both. Does anyone deny that below 150 ppm CO2 that plants will die? Does anyone deny that the Earth has been in a 50 million-year cooling period and that this Pleistocene Ice Age is one of the coldest periods in the history of the planet?
If we assume human emissions have to date added some 200 billion tons of CO2 to the atmosphere, even if we ceased using fossil fuels today we have already bought another 5 million years for life on earth. But we will not stop using fossil fuels to power our civilization so it is likely that we can forestall plant starvation for lack of CO2 by at least 65 million years. Even when the fossil fuels have become scarce we have the quadrillion tons of carbon in carbonaceous rocks, which we can transform into lime and CO2 for the manufacture of cement. And we already know how to do that with solar energy or nuclear energy. This alone, regardless of fossil fuel consumption, will more than offset the loss of CO2 due to calcium carbonate burial in marine sediments. Without a doubt the human species has made it possible to prolong the survival of life on Earth for more than 100 million years. We are not the enemy of nature but its salvation.
As a postscript I would like to make a few comments about the other side of the alleged dangerous climate change coin, our energy policy, in particular the much maligned fossil fuels; coal, oil, and natural gas.
Depending how it’s tallied, fossil fuels account for between 85-88% of global energy consumption and more than 95% of energy for the transport of people and goods, including our food.
Earlier this year the leaders of the G7 countries agreed that fossil fuels should be phased out by 2100, a most bizarre development to say the least. Of course no intelligent person really believes this will happen but it is a testament to the power of the elites that have converged around the catastrophic human-caused climate change that so many alleged world leaders must participate in the charade. How might we convince them to celebrate CO2 rather than to denigrate it?
A lot of nasty things are said about fossil fuels even though they are largely responsible for our longevity, our prosperity, and our comfortable lifestyles.
Hydrocarbons, the energy components of fossil fuels, are 100% organic, as in organic chemistry. They were produced by solar energy in ancient seas and forests. When they are burned for energy the main products are water and CO2, the two most essential foods for life. And fossil fuels are by far the largest storage battery of direct solar energy on Earth. Nothing else comes close except nuclear fuel, which is also solar in the sense that it was produced in dying stars.
Today, Greenpeace protests Russian and American oil rigs with 3000 HP diesel-powered ships and uses 200 HP outboard motors to board the rigs and hang anti-oil plastic banners made with fossil fuels. Then they issue a media release telling us we must “end our addiction to oil”. I wouldn’t mind so much if Greenpeace rode bicycles to their sailing ships and rowed their little boats into the rigs to hang organic cotton banners. We didn’t have an H-bomb on board the boat that sailed on the first Greenpeace campaign against nuclear testing.
Some of the world’s oil comes from my native country in the Canadian oil sands of northern Alberta. I had never worked with fossil fuel interests until I became incensed with the lies being spread about my country’s oil production in the capitals of our allies around the world. I visited the oil sands operations to find out for myself what was happening there.
It is true it’s not a pretty sight when the land is stripped bare to get at the sand so the oil can be removed from it. Canada is actually cleaning up the biggest natural oil spill in history, and making a profit from it. The oil was brought to the surface when the Rocky Mountains were thrust up by the colliding Pacific Plate. When the sand is returned back to the land 99% of the so-called “toxic oil” has been removed from it.
Anti-oil activists say the oil-sands operations are destroying the boreal forest of Canada. Canada’s boreal forest accounts for 10% of all the world’s forests and the oil-sands area is like a pimple on an elephant by comparison. By law, every square inch of land disturbed by oil-sands extraction must be returned to native boreal forest. When will cities like London, Brussels, and New York that have laid waste to the natural environment be returned to their native ecosystems?
The art and science of ecological restoration, or reclamation as it is called in the mining industry, is a well-established practice. The land is re-contoured, the original soil is put back, and native species of plants and trees are established. It is possible, by creating depressions where the land was flat, to increase biodiversity by making ponds and lakes where wetland plants, insects, and waterfowl can become established in the reclaimed landscape.
The tailings ponds where the cleaned sand is returned look ugly for a few years but are eventually reclaimed into grasslands. The Fort McKay First Nation is under contract to manage a herd of bison on a reclaimed tailings pond. Every tailings pond will be reclaimed in a similar manner when operations have been completed.
As an ecologist and environmentalist for more than 45 years this is good enough for me. The land is disturbed for a blink of an eye in geological time and is then returned to a sustainable boreal forest ecosystem with cleaner sand. And as a bonus we get the fuel to power our weed-eaters, scooters, motorcycles, cars, trucks, buses, trains, and aircraft.
To conclude, carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels is the stuff of life, the staff of life, the currency of life, indeed the backbone of life on Earth.

MY SAY

Firstly, I would like to say that I am no expert the topic of Kurri Kurri having come from a Coastal dwellers lifestyle, growing up at Stockton the holiday resort for hundreds of Coalfields people over many decades.

As kids we wondered why all the people came from those funny named places such as Cessnock, Kurri Kurri, Neath (they said it had a beach) or Minmi (they said it had a breakwater). Us kids living on the Coast were always amazed at the role up of these people from the Coalfields every Christmas in what we saw as some sort of ritualistic event.

Some years ago that I spoke to a well-respected person from Kurri Kurri who said that he had purchased a van at Stockton Caravan Park. It dawned on me that even now the beach is a favourite place for the people of the Cessnock district.

In my early years of marriage I lived at another Coastal town, Dudley a mining village. It was in 1971, thirty (50) years ago that my life changed forever. I had just joined the NSW ambulance service and was posted to the town of Maitland. The daily trip from Dudley to Maitland was too much so I looked for a new home. And so it was that my family moved to Kurri Kurri in October 1971 instigating what was to become a major change in my life.

Since that move, the Cessnock and Kurri Kurri district has become my life and the progressive people I associate with on a daily basis inspire me to continue on my path of improving this community’s lifestyle. I have only been here forty (50) years.

A Mr David Dunlop was one of the first white settlers who established a property at Cessnock in around 1821. One of Dunlop’s better traits was his respect for the Aboriginal communities that lived around the Wollombi Valley.

It is interesting to note that Cessnock’s early history was steeped in agriculture. For example there were established wheat crops and vineyards as early as one hundred and fifty (160) years ago. It wasn’t until the discovery of coal in the late 1800’s at East Greta Junction only ten (10) kilometres from Kurri Kurri that this district became known as the ‘Coalfields’ of the Lower Hunter. The term ‘Coalfields’ is entrenched in people’s minds throughout the Cessnock and surrounding districts
and has become a natural term for those describing the area even today. After the discovery of coal in the late 1800’s at East Greta Junction, Coal Towns sprang up quickly as transient miners fought for better living standards. Heddon Greta, part of Cessnock was one of the earliest Coal Towns with a Pub, the oldest Pub in the district.

Kurri Kurri in fact never had a coalmine but was built after coal employees protested about their poor living standards. The town was surveyed in 1901 and proclaimed in October 1902. In 2002 the town of Kurri Kurri hosted its Centenary. An interesting argument about the origin of Kurri Kurri’s naming amongst local historians still rages today. The most accepted and probably accurate one is that Kurri Kurri is the name given by the local Aboriginal people meaning The Very First (or) “first time once upon a time”. It is understood that Kurri Kurri was so named because it was the first planned Crown Town in NSW.

Anyhow, back to our history. As the mines moved further west towns known as Weston, Abermain, Neath, Aberdare, Bellbird, Pelton, Paxton and Pelaw Main sprang up as the great Edgeworth David Coalseam unfolded. It is said that the Coalseam was the richest in the world. Coal became a major part of Kurri Kurri’s heritage from the early 1900’s until the end of last century. In fact there is now only one mine currently operating in the district.

While the miners tilled the soil underground an energetic group of agriculturalists worked the rich soils of the Pokolbin area to grow grapes for the purpose of wine production. Early pioneers of the once fledgling, but now prominent industry included Busby, Tyrell, Drayton, Tulloch and Lindeman. But it was fifty (50) years before the discovery of coal that the wine industry began. Many of the early pioneer’s names are entrenched throughout the industry and carried on by family wine businesses today. These businesses have outgrown “King Coal” and are now flourishing and providing new job opportunities for the Cessnock district particularly in the areas of hospitality and tourism.

Now, let’s look at the perceptions and legacies of those bygone days of coal. The perceptions of our community still sticks to this day of small unpainted timber cottages built by miners who when pushed, moved on leaving poor European heritage. The mine owners and managers were the lords of the district but when the mine was worked out they simply packed up and moved on leaving behind a scarred landscape for future generations to repair. This is known as our “European Heritage”. I call it an eyesore, which retards our image. Today, the Kurri Kurri district is reinventing itself and trying to set a new, more vibrant future for its’ citizens.

Our pioneers were exceptional in conquering the great north road and the development from Morpeth into Pokolbin for the wine, timber and grain industry. Today tourism, clean industry, viticulture and retailing are the prime employers. But we still have a long way to go to win over this country’s’ perception of the Hunter Coalfields as did Newcastle as a steel city.

As leaders of the Cessnock district we are charged with the responsibility of changing these perceptions.

History, by nature is evolutionary and progressive. We need to look forward to the future and respect our past, not to just continue to live in it.

RESIDENTS REQUIRE ASSURANCES ON FUTURE OF THEIR HOSPITAL

Kurri Kurri district residents need assurances on Health Services
A group of community leaders met in Kurri Kurri week commencing 22 February and again in March to discuss concerns they have about the retention of hospital health services in their area.
Of immediate concern is the loss of ED (Emergency Department) services. Rumour and facts from December 2020 show that there was no ED open over the Christmas New Year period and that signs had been placed on the KK ED door directing any clients with health concerns to Maitland Hospital ED.
Rumour has it that the Kurri Kurri Hospital ED will be closed this year in June 2021.
Kurri Kurri has a very good operating theatre for Ophthalmic services and has been used for many years. In fact, Sydney Eye hospital have benchmarked Kurri Kurri with their services that they deliver, as it was believed that Kurri Kurri Ophthalmic services were superior.
Rumour has it that the Operating Theatre will close Christmas 2021 and be taken to the new Maitland Hospital.
The 26 bed Rehab Unit was destined to close at the end of 2020 but serious agitation by State Member Clayton Barr MP saw the Rehab Unit transferred to the Rankin Park Rehab Centre for administration as Maitland Drs refused to administer medical services remotely. Currently the Rehab Unit is about 50% full.
Rumour has it that this is a stop gap measure until the end of 2021 when the Rehab Unit will be transferred back to the new Maitland Hospital.
The Cardiac Rehab unit closed in Maitland and was transferred to Kurri Kurri in late 2020, with around 7 people using the unit now. Information received from a patient is that much of the exercise equipment is not in a satisfactory condition to be used and that the Rehab person is coming from another area of HNEH. (it is stated that only one walker and one exercise bike is in operation)
Rumour has it that it is also a stop gap measure until the new Maitland Hospital is commissioned.
Other rumours not confirmed include the loss of the Day Care Centre and Allied Health Services. Both of these services are rumoured to be closed Christmas 2021 and transferred to the new Maitland Hospital in February 2022.
Currently there is only one maybe two Doctors servicing the 24 bed Transition Ward. By all accounts there is no Medical Ward now at Kurri Kurri Hospital. Recently it was rumoured that the Maitland Hospital was at capacity and that patients were being transferred to Cessnock Hospital.
Kurri Kurri residents require assurances that the above services will remain in Kurri Kurri and that the hospital will continue to provide the current services which include X-Ray and Pathology.

It is our understanding that there is or will be an audit of all area hospitals this year to ascertain what services need to be where and improved.
The CEO of HNEH stated that there will be a business plan out sometime this year for hospital health services across the region.

Kurri Kurri Hospital
In 2018 there were 4 local Drs who contracted to the hospital.
The hospital in 2018 had 52 -bed sub-acute facility which included 26 acute and sub-acute medical beds; 28 rehabilitation beds and 16 day stay surgical places for eye; ear, nose and throat; and general day surgery procedures.
Services provided back in 2018 included
• Emergency medicine
• General medical-sub acute
• High volume, short stay surgery including eye surgery (adult), general surgery, and ear nose and throat surgery
• Rehabilitation unit
• Allied Health outpatient services
• Day Care Centre
• Emergency Department

Kurri Kurri residents require assurances that the Kurri Kurri Hospital is included in this review and business plan.
Finally, it is rumoured (missing) in the 2018 Service Delivery plan for the new Maitland Hospital that there will not be a CCU unit. It this is true it is totally unacceptable to have no CCU beds in the Maitland, Kurri Kurri, Cessnock areas and beyond.

WORLD WIDE WEB COMES TO KURRI KURRI

It was back in the year 2000 some 20 years ago that young Kurri Kurri lad Brendan Brooks asked me if he could build a website to promote Kurri Kurri. Now consider that this was only 5 years after the introduction of the World Wide Web to Australian audiences and business.
Back in those days only very large towns such as Launceston and Dubbo had built website portals to promote their town and you weren’t allowed to add AU to the end of the web address back then, And so it was that Kurrikurri.com was first born.
In April 2001 the website was launched covering as much activity in the community as possible including Tidy Towns the Business Chamber, weekend markets, business prospectus and history of the area.
The website was never to be a business chamber only portal but more of site where people could go for information about Kurri Kurri and any links that were there.
To have survived for 20 years with only minor updates is a credit to the foresight of Brendan Brooks 20 years ago. He was also instrumental in the construction of the Link or Sink lobbying website to push for the construction of the Hunter Expressway.
Brendan also built the website www.huntervalleyway.com.au back in 2014 after the Expressway opened to promote a back roads drive through the Hunter Valley from Freemans Waterhole to Merriwa.
Today Kurri Kurri has refreshed the website as a Business Chamber website and there are others promoting the murals.
A big thank you is required of Brendan for his achievement in bringing Kurri Kurri into the 21st Century via the WWW.

THE INCREDIBLE SHRINKING HOSPITAL

Bricks and mortar we have plenty, but fewer medical services are being delivered in Maitland in 2022.
One would have believed back in 2011 that the people of the Maitland State Electorate and Lower Hunter were going to get a State of the Art new Hospital that they expected when MP Robyn Parker and Jillian Skinner then Health Minister made their grand announcement of a new $766 million 412 bed teaching hospital to support the John Hunter Hospital in Newcastle was the big promise.
At the time I along with a number of other people saw an opportunity to have the new hospital located on land adjacent to the Hunter Expressway that would be able to support not only Maitland people but Cessnock, Kurri Kurri, Singleton and towns in the Upper Hunter. We saw the New Maitland Hospital location at Metford as a failed opportunity to get the planning right.
Since the announcement of the new hospital in 2011 it has miraculously shrunk from 412 beds at announcement to 339 beds in 2018 which in fact is around 282 beds when we take out day surgery type beds( Should have never been counted in the first place) and missed services such as CCU etc. Many of the services promised back in 2011 have mysteriously disappeared from the original service statement of 2013 to the current service statement of 2018. The original service statement ran to 103 pages. The new service statement is now a shadow of its former self at only 16 pages and leaves out such important services as Coronary Care. The new hospital reduced from 412 beds to 282 beds replaces the old Maitland Hospital which currently has 196 beds. The closure of the old Maitland hospital will see those 196 beds go over to into the new hospital. Hence the net increase is genuinely small for this rapidly growing regional NSW.
At a time when the country is experiencing a national pandemic in COVID 19 Emergency Departments, a level 5 Intensive Care and Coronary Care Unit beds are a must and now we have a new hospital being service compromised to save money or at the expense of ongoing reliance on John Hunter hospital for essential services. Currently in the Maitland area we have had no Coronary Care Unit since 2018 and the one that was planned for the new hospital is gone from the new building.

We need to ask the hard questions of Hunter New England Health bureaucrats and the State Government Department of Health on why they are dumbing down a new hospital in the 21st Century at the expense of future generations.
The recent announcement of a significant upgrade to John Hunter Hospital some 29 years since it was built is a damming indictment on NSW Health planning. So, one must also ask oneself the question. Where has the $316 million gone from the original new Maitland Hospital plan?
It is well documented that when the new Maitland Hospital is operational that the old Maitland Hospital will be closed. Strong rumours also exist that Kurri Kurri Hospital will close (50 beds) thus reducing the available hospital beds to the people of the Hunter.
Currently it is alleged that the 50 bed Kurri Kurri Hospital has no on-site Doctor from 5pm to 6am Monday to Friday and no Doctor on site over the weekend.
The Hunter Region Plan for 2036 and the Greater Newcastle Metropolitan Plan of which Maitland and Cessnock are part, clearly recognize that the Maitland to Cessnock corridor is a growth area and that an estimated 24,000 home sites are either planned or being planned over the next 20 years west of Maitland in these areas of the Hunter.
To build a new hospital in the 21st Century and not give 100% service to the current and future population is criminal.

ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT AGENDA 21

IN ONE EASY LESSON ON AGENDA 21

Awareness of Agenda 21 and Sustainable Development is racing across the nation as citizens in community after community are learning what their city planners are actually up to. As awareness grows, I am receiving more and more calls for tools to help activists fight back. Many complain that elected officials just won’t read detailed reports or watch long videos. “Can you give us something that is quick, and easy to read that we can hand out,” I’m asked.

So here it is. A one page, quick description of Agenda 21 that fits on one page. I’ve also included for the back side of your hand out a list of quotes for the perpetrators of Agenda 21 that should back up my brief descriptions.

A word of caution, use this as a starter kit, but do not allow it to be your only knowledge of this very complex subject. To kill it you have to know the facts. Research, know your details; discover the NGO players in your community; identify who is victimized by the policies and recruit them to your fight; and then kill Agenda 21. That’s how it must be done. The information below is only your first step. Happy hunting.

What is Sustainable Development?
According to its authors, the objective of sustainable development is to integrate economic, social and environmental policies in order to achieve reduced consumption, social equity, and the preservation and restoration of biodiversity. Sustainablists insist that every societal decision be based on environmental impact, focusing on three components; global land use, global education, and global population control and reduction.

Social Equity (Social injustice)
Social justice is described as the right and opportunity of all people “to benefit equally from the resources afforded us by society and the environment.” Redistribution of wealth. Private property is a social injustice since not everyone can build wealth from it. National sovereignty is a social injustice. Lack of universal health care is a social injustice. All part of Agenda 21 policy.

Economic Prosperity
Public Private Partnerships (PPP). Special dealings between government and certain, chosen corporations which get tax breaks, grants and the government’s power of Eminent Domain to implement sustainable policy. Government-sanctioned monopolies.

Local Sustainable Development policies
Smart Growth, Wildlands Project, Resilient Cities, Regional Visioning Projects, STAR Sustainable Communities, Green jobs, Green Building Codes, “Going Green,” Alternative Energy, Local Visioning, facilitators, regional planning, historic preservation, conservation easements, development rights, sustainable farming, comprehensive planning, growth management, consensus.

Who is behind it?
ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability (formally, International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives). Communities pay ICLEI dues to provide “local” community plans, software, training, etc. Addition groups include American Planning Association, The Renaissance Planning Group, International City/ County Management Group, aided by US Mayors Conference, National Governors Association, National League of Cities, National Association of County Administrators and many more private organizations and official government agencies. Foundation and government grants drive the process.

Where did it originate?
The term Sustainable Development was first introduced to the world in the pages a 1987 report (Our Common Future) produced by the United Nations World Commission on Environmental and Development, authored by Gro Harlem Brundtland, VP of the World Socialist Party. The term was first offered as official UN policy in 1992, in a document called UN Sustainable Development Agenda 21, issued at the UN’s Earth Summit, today referred to simply as Agenda 21.

What gives Agenda 21 Ruling Authority?
More than 178 nations adopted Agenda 21 as official policy during a signing ceremony at the Earth Summit. US president George H.W. Bush signed the document for the US. In signing, each nation pledge to adopt the goals of Agenda 21. In 1993, President Bill Clinton, in compliance with Agenda 21, signed Executive Order #12852 to create the President’s Council on Sustainable Development in order to “harmonize” US environmental policy with UN directives as outlined in Agenda 21. The EO directed all agencies of the Federal Government to work with state and local community governments in a joint effort “reinvent” government using the guidelines outlined in Agenda 21. As a result, with the assistance of groups like ICLEI, Sustainable Development is now emerging as government policy in every town, county and state in the nation.

Revealing Quotes From the Planners
“Agenda 21 proposes an array of actions which are intended to be implemented by EVERY person on Earth…it calls for specific changes in the activities of ALL people… Effective execution of Agenda 21 will REQUIRE a profound reorientation of ALL humans, unlike anything the world has ever experienced… ” Agenda 21: The Earth Summit Strategy to Save Our Planet (Earthpress, 1993). Emphases – DR

Urgent to implement – but we don’t know what it is!

“The realities of life on our planet dictate that continued economic development as we know it cannot be sustained…Sustainable development, therefore is a program of action for local and global economic reform – a program that has yet to be fully defined.” The Local Agenda 21 Planning Guide, published by ICLEI, 1996.

“No one fully understands how or even, if, sustainable development can be achieved; however, there is growing consensus that it must be accomplished at the local level if it is ever to be achieved on a global basis.” The Local Agenda 21 Planning Guide, published by ICLEI, 1996.

Agenda 21 and Private Property
“Land…cannot be treated as an ordinary asset, controlled by individuals and subject to the pressures and inefficiencies of the market. Private land ownership is also a principal instrument of accumulation and concentration of wealth, therefore contributes to social injustice.” From the report from the 1976 UN’s Habitat I Conference.

“Private land use decisions are often driven by strong economic incentives that result in several ecological and aesthetic consequences…The key to overcoming it is through public policy…” Report from the President’s Council on Sustainable Development, page 112.

“Current lifestyles and consumption patterns of the affluent middle class – involving high meat intake, use of fossil fuels, appliances, home and work air conditioning, and suburban housing are not sustainable.” Maurice Strong, Secretary General of the UN’s Earth Summit, 1992.

Reinvention of Government
“We need a new collaborative decision process that leads to better decisions, more rapid change, and more sensible use of human, natural and financial resources in achieving our goals.” Report from the President’s Council on Sustainable Development

“Individual rights will have to take a back seat to the collective.” Harvey Ruvin, Vice Chairman, ICLEI. The Wildlands Project

“We must make this place an insecure and inhospitable place for Capitalists and their projects – we must reclaim the roads and plowed lands, halt dam construction, tear down existing dams, free shackled rivers and return to wilderness millions of tens of millions of acres or presently settled land.” Dave Foreman, Earth First.

What is not sustainable?
Ski runs, grazing of livestock, plowing of soil, building fences, industry, single family homes, paves and tarred roads, logging activities, dams and reservoirs, power line construction, and economic systems that fail to set proper value on the environment.” UN’s Biodiversity Assessment Report.

Hide Agenda 21’s UN roots from the people
“Participating in a UN advocated planning process would very likely bring out many of the conspiracy- fixated groups and individuals in our society… This segment of our society who fear ‘one-world government’ and a UN invasion of the United States through which our individual freedom would be stripped away would actively work to defeat any elected official who joined ‘the conspiracy’ by undertaking LA21. So we call our process something else, such as comprehensive planning, growth management or smart growth.” J. Gary Lawrence, advisor to President Clinton’s Council on Sustainable Development.

PATIENCE IS A VIRTUE

Finally the Kurri Kurri end of the LGA is about to get some recognition

Going back to 2010, some 9 years ago Kurri Kurri business people and one Ward D Labor councilor raised concerns about the neglect and deteriation occurring in the Kurri Kurri CBD
Footpaths were constructed of various mediums including concrete, tar, pavers and in a couple of places in Barton Street they didn’t exist at all.
Council in its wisdom after many complaints about tripping hazards, tar sealed Barton Street footpath as a stop gap measure.
And then along came a project to study the Land Use Zoning and housing in and around Kurri Kurri. But the proposed study excluded the Hydro Smelter land, Gingers Lane land zoning, Heddon Greta and Cliftleigh residential areas. When the business people of Kurri Kurri raised these omissions they were told that to include these areas would make the study too broad! The study also included a separate strategic study of the Kurri Kurri CBD.
Now that both studies were under consideration and finally completed over the last year they were ready for grant applications, as there was no finance available in the Council Operational Plans so the work would rely on grants.
Thankfully the NSW Government issued a round of the Resources for Regions Grants for mining affected communities in late 2018. Council having completed their studies was in a position to apply for a grant for the Kurri Kurri CBD works. The application was for funding in excess of $3 million for stage one of the CBD works.
The Resources for Regions funding announcement is imminent and when announced work should get underway over the next 12 months. Thanks to the current State Government.
I ask what would you think should be the number one priorities?
Footpaths ripped up and new ones laid with a common theme throughout the CBD including the unmade sections in Barton Street?
The Lang and Barton Streets road surface ripped up and renewed as they are both in very poor condition?
Rotary Park public amenities brought up to 21st Century standards including a path down to the edge of Barton Street.
Rotary Park upgraded when the new Pit Horse Statue is installed?
Additional street trees and street furniture installed?
There is a lot of work to be undertaken and $3million won’t cover all the work, but a firm start on works will be welcome.

My say

Why does Kurri Kurri Exist (My say)

It was 47 years ago last May that I had my first taste of the Coalfields, in particular Kurri Kurri.
As a young Ambulance Officer with the NSW Ambulance Service, I was transferred to Maitland Ambulance Station to work.
In those days and as far back as the founding of Kurri Kurri in 1902, Kurri Kurri’s roots were historically linked to the Maitland Community.
It is interesting to note that there has always been conflict or competition between Cessnock and Kurri Kurri, with most folklore blaming the two warring coalfields Rugby League sides for the animosity.
I reject this theory as my own research indicates that Kurri Kurri was founded by demands placed upon the government of the day back in 1901, by residents of the villages surrounding today’s township, namely Stanford Merthyr, Pelaw Main and Heddon Greta emanating from the East Greta Coal Seam.
The town was surveyed by the Maitland Lands Board as a new “Crown Town“. The original council met in the East Maitland Courthouse before council chambers were even considered in Kurri Kurri. Most business transactions were directed to Maitland, as was the continued development of the East Greta coal seam and the railway line.
In 1906 the Kurri Kurri Shire was amalgamated with Tarro Shire. It wasn’t until many years after the establishment of the township, that it was eventually amalgamated with Kearsley Shire ( the only communist council in Australia) thereby linking Kurri Kurri to the Cessnock community for the first time. The resultant Rugby League duels are probably the result of the two tribes venting their frustration to forced shire boundary changes.
My move to Kurri Kurri came about as a direct result of extremely cheap Real estate in the area. From 1966 onwards the once prosperous coal mines were closing down leaving the town with very high unemployment.
The opening of the John Renshaw Drive in the mid 60’s directly linked Kurri Kurri to Newcastle reducing the travelling time by more than 15 minutes.
This allowed many retrenched coal miners access to the BHP workforce of the late 60’s and 70’s.
It wasn’t until the establishment of the Alcan Smelter in 1969 and textile factories in Kurri Kurri that the economy of the town looked secure once again.
During those days I searched the lower Hunter for a low cost home. Cheap homes in Maitland ranged from $10-15 thousand dollars, land prices were around $5,000 while in Kurri Kurri you could purchase a reasonable old mining cottage for around $5,000 and land for the council rates owing on them.
I purchased my 1st home in Kurri Kurri in October 1971.
At last the great day arrived. I had sold my house by the sea at Dudley and moved to the wonderful little country town in the Lower Hunter, Kurri Kurri.
They say Kurri Kurri means “The Very First”. Well it was the very first time I experienced a super hot October westerly. As we moved into town the local bush was ablaze with spring bushfires and being hurried along by one of Kurri Kurri’s now famous westerly blasts.
My family said to me, why did you leave Dudley to come to this hell hole, the roads here are next to nothing, there is no curb and guttering, no city support services? They asked “What does this town have to offer a young family”?
I couldn’t answer their questions in those days, but over the next eight years I was to settle into a community with strength of character I had not witnessed in Newcastle.
Over the past 44 years the fights to save Kurri Kurri Hospital are legendary,
Kurri Rugby League team rose to be number one in the Hunter Valley with three Premierships and the town’s elevation to No. 1 town in NSW under the Tidy Town banner in 1993 cemented my loyalty to the town.
During the last 47 years of slow progress, approximately 10% more of town was curbed and guttered. Victoria Street and Mitchell Avenue became four lane roads and the shopping precinct at last took the shape of a regional shopping centre, and the now famous Murals commenced appearing in 2002. Our town is now on the world mural town maps.
Kurri Kurri exists today because of the fighting spirit of the early pioneers and the new resident’s determination to see improvements in the town.
The town today is still controlled by outside influences that don’t have a vested interest in the town’s future.
Coal property, crown land and environmental reserves surround the town stifling development for future housing and indirectly restricting the advancement of the business district.
With the recent upgrades of roads to Maitland, Newcastle and the Hunter Expressway to Newcastle and Sydney, Kurri Kurri can look forward to future prosperity not only in domestic housing opportunities but also in business development.
The history of Kurri Kurri is steeped in political one sidedness where the people of the Kurri Kurri community have been used to shore up Federal, State and local government politics. It is a credit to the strength of the community that this political posturing hasn’t turned the town into a ghost town like other mining communities.
Kurri Kurri exists because of a strong community spirit, strengths that many people in the community take for granted these days. It was genetically implanted in families by the original miners of the area. Scots, Welsh, Geordies and Irish. These families lived in an era when every penny earned and every little bit of progress had to hard won.
I am proud of the fact that I moved to Kurri Kurri in 1971 and then in 1984 built a new home.
Kurri Kurri had in the 1980’s close to 1,000 women working in the textile industry, 60% of the male population working in the coal industry while the rest worked for Alcan and Newcastle industries.
These days the textile industry has moved on leaving few opportunities for women.
Newcastle industry has downsized the coal companies have moved west, HYDRO has closed; with Wine Country, Rutherford and Beresfield/Thornton industrial precincts providing any future job opportunities at present.
Kurri Kurri’s future lies in the development of residential areas (1800 home sites under development), and new industrial development to support future job opportunities. Kurri Kurri’s political leaders, business leaders and community leaders must work together so that the future of Kurri Kurri is as secure as it was back in the days when Richmond Main Colliery alone had 1200 employees.
Kurri Kurri will continue to grow into the 21st Century but as a vastly different community to that which we have lived in and known for the past 116 Years.

Cessnock Liberals ask for answers

The Liberals for Cessnock team have called on the Mayor of Cessnock, Councillor Bob Pynsent and Greens Councillor James Ryan to explain to voters why they disregarded the wishes of the local community when approving the construction of a mosque and funeral home in the rural area of Buchanan earlier this year.

Advertising material recently delivered to homes in Ward B on behalf of Cr Pynsent’s team stated: “We’re here to listen to your ideas and your concerns” ahead of the Cessnock City Council elections on Saturday, September 10.

However, Liberal for Cessnock Ward D and Mayoral candidate, Councillor Rod Doherty, said the Labor Party’s and the Greens’ stand was an insult to the hundreds of residents across the Cessnock region that had expressed grave concerns about the size of the development and the resulting impact on the community.

“The Labor Party are embarking on a series of meet-and-greets, which end up meaning nothing if you don’t take notice of what the community is saying to you,” Cr Doherty said.

“The Greens disgraceful exhibition at the council meeting on the 20th of July exposed their blatant disregard for appropriate planning approvals in the Cessnock LGA by approving a development that will create no jobs and add no economic benefit for the Cessnock community.

“Residents right across the Cessnock local government area made it clear that they believed the development at Buchanan was inappropriate and poorly-planned.

“Instead of standing up for the community, six councillors including Labor members, an independent and a Green took the easy option and went along with the Council’s recommendation.

“All councillors need to remember that they are elected to represent the community. They need to only support good planning decisions and not simply agree with everything put in front of them by Council’.

Cr Doherty was one four councillors  to vote against the mosque application said the hundreds of submissions against the development had galvanised his decision to run for Mayor.

“Councillors and political parties that take their constituents for granted deserve to feel the wrath of the community at election time,” he said.

“Mayor Pynsent, his Labor team and Greens candidates can’t ignore the community on a major issue and then pretend it didn’t happen”.

 

For additional comment, please contact Rod Doherty (0409 448 191) or Bryce Gibson (0422 277 668)